High Blood Pressure Facts
High blood pressure is one of the most prevalent health conditions facing Americans. In fact, 68 million Americans – 1 in every 3 U.S. adults – have high blood pressure. Nearly 20 percent do not even know they have it. Sadly, the disease can lead to other health problems, including heart attack, stroke, and heart failure.
Together, we can change these statistics and achieve lasting improvements that lead the way to greater health, productivity, and cost savings.
• Less than half of people with high blood pressure have their conditions under
• High blood pressure contributes to nearly 1,000 deaths a day.
• Approximately 20 percent of U.S. adults who have high blood pressure do not know they have it.
• Almost 30 percent of American adults have prehypertension, which raises the risk of developing high blood pressure.
• Sixty-nine percent of people who have a first heart attack, 77 percent of people who have a first stroke, and 74 percent of people with chronic heart failure have high blood pressure.
• In 2009, nearly 350,000 American deaths included high blood pressure as a primary or contributing cause.
• The U.S. isn’t the only country facing high blood pressure; globally, 40 percent of adults ages 25 and older had high blood pressure in 2008.
- High blood pressure costs the nation $47.5 billion annually in direct medical expenses. Another $3.5 billion is attributed to lost productivity each year.
- Costs to the nation due to high blood pressure are estimated at $131 billion in health care services, medications and missed days of work.
- Annual costs directly attributable to high blood pressure are projected to increase $130.4 billion (in real 2008 dollars) in 2030 compared with 2010, for a total projected annual cost of $200.3 billion by 2030.
- Reducing average population sodium intake from 3,300 mg to 2,300 mg per day may save $18 billion in health care costs and reduce cases of high blood pressure by 11 million annually.
View sources for each statistic here.
Many organizations have developed interactive maps that show the effect of high blood pressure in communities throughout the United States. Learn about how the disease impacts your county, state, race, or gender with these tools:
- Interactive Atlas of Heart Disease and Stroke provides information around health indicators (including high blood pressure hospitalizations, hospital discharge status, and mortality), determinants of health, and health services sorted by state, county, race/ethnicity, gender, age, and year. Data is from a variety of sources detailed here.
- Prevalence of High Blood Pressure in U.S. (see screenshot) includes data by state, county, gender, and race. Data is from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (United States Hypertension Estimates by County, 2001 and 2009).
- U.S. Health Map details high blood pressure prevalence, awareness, treatment, control, and self-reporting by state, county, gender, and race. Data is from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.